Based on the latest report from the World Economic Forum on future affairs, some useful conclusions have been reached for the future and future jobs .
New jobs will have a positive impact on the issue of employment. It is believed that up to 75 million current jobs will be changed so that job tasks are shared between people, machinery and algorithms, at the same time 133 million new jobs will be created. The most required professions include roles such as data analysts, software and app programmers, and experts in e-commerce and social networking - jobs that are significantly based on and improved using technologies.
In addition, jobs that require social intelligence or interpersonal skills are expected to increase, such as customer service workers, sales and marketing professionals, training and development positions, culture and organizational development as well as managers for innovations.
All these new jobs will have different requirements and tasks compared to the previous ones, therefore they will stimulate the requirement for new skills. By 2022 the skills needed to do most of the work will change significantly. It is expected that by 2022 workers will use 58% of existing skills, and will have to learn more than 42% of new skills to perform their previous jobs. Appropriate skills include critical thinking and active learning, followed by skills such as technology design, emphasizing the greatest possible requirement for different forms of technology-related competencies. However, knowledge of new technologies is only one of the skills needed for 2022. Creativity, originality, initiative, critical thinking, persuasion and negotiation skills will also retain or add value, as well as attention to detail, flexibility and complex problem solving. Emotional intelligence, leadership and social impact, as well as service orientation, will also be much more needed in the future in relation to their current importance today.
The future starts today
As globalization and the rapid advancement of technology continue to transform the civil space and the world of work, the education system becomes more alienated from the reality and needs of the global economy and society. In the unproductive context and increasing polarization, the primary and secondary school education system plays a crucial role in the global preparation of citizens and the workforce for the future. Educational models need to be harmonized in order for children to possess the skills to create a more inclusive, cohesive and productive world.
21st Century Schools programme is adjusted to the needs of global societies and enables children to acquire critical thinking and problem-solving skills, but also to learn the digital alphabet and become creative. This way changes in learning experiences will more closely reflect the needs for the future jobs.