Based on the latest report from the World Economic Forum on future affairs, some useful conclusions have been reached for the future and future jobs .

New jobs will have a positive impact on the issue of employment. It is believed that up to 75 million current jobs will be changed so that job tasks are shared between people, machinery and algorithms, at the same time 133 million new jobs will be created. The most required professions include roles such as data analysts, software and app programmers, and experts in e-commerce and social networking - jobs that are significantly based on and improved using technologies.

In addition, jobs that require social intelligence or interpersonal skills are expected to increase, such as customer service workers, sales and marketing professionals, training and development positions, culture and organizational development as well as managers for innovations.

1. Data Analysts and Scientist

He collects, organizes and interprets statistic data using data analysis tools to achieve important results. These interpretations are later used to make important work decisions.

2. AI and Machine Learning Specialist

He must have the skills of a data scientist. Must be professional in statistics and even mathematics and understand different testing practices as well as knowing a large number of programming languages.

3. General and Operations Managers

He mainly implements processes and practice throughout the work organization. The specific tasks of the operational manager include strategy formulation, performance improvement, supply of materials and resources, and ensuring consistency between all of these tasks. These are some of the necessary skills: leadership, the ability to solve conflict situations, organization, determination, reliability, reporting and presentation skills, analysis skills, critical thinking and problem solving, etc.

4. Software and Applications Developers and Analysts

The programmer creates and modifies general software for computer applications or specialized software. Useful skills for this profession are creativity and innovation, interpersonal and communication skills but also team spirit and analysis skills.

5. Sales and Marketing Professionals

The sales and marketing specialist helps companies and brands understand what can be sold. It determines what people buy, what discounts exist in the market, which category of people buy what products and how much money people are willing to spend on these products.


Some of the skills that the sales and marketing specialist should have are: creativity, negotiation, communication and analytical thinking skills, the ability to appear in public and use technologies, as well as critical thinking and problem solving skills.

6. Big Data Specialists or Data Scientist

The data specialist was announced as the most promising job in 2019 in the US. This job includes analyzing and interpreting raw data in work solutions through machine learning and algorithms. The data scientist performs the same tasks as the data analyst, but possesses advanced algorithms and professionalism in statistics. Data scientists can be engineers who have work and communication skills, are analytical, know statistics and at least one R / Python programming language, are attentive to details (data sharing, transformation and uploading) and know machine learning algorithms and data visualization.

7. Digital Transformation Specialist

The digital transformation specialist coordinates digitalisation changes which are enhanced through the operating model and all aspects of work, including people, processes, technologies and metrics. His objective is to bring significant positive results to the organization. Some of the skills needed for this profession are: communication and interaction, flexibility, innovation, proactivity, critical thinking skills and problem solving.

8. New Technology Specialist

The specialist in new technologies creates application design and develops websites to simplify work processes and programs. He provides technical support for programs and applications to both buyers and other staff members in the company, and some of the skills needed are skills in finding and solving problems, attention to detail, and analytical and communication skills.

9. Organization Development Specialist

The organizational development specialist analyses organizational structures, responsibilities, teamwork, work or operational procedures, reporting relationships, and work processes to establish efficient methods for performing tasks. Organizational development specialists need to have organizational, interpersonal and leadership skills.

10. Information Technology Services

The information technology specialist works in customer service and has the task of providing solutions to technical questions that consumers and company staff have. He is responsible for the installation and configuration of computer systems, the provision of services and support to end users through software for the automated distribution of calls, diagnostics and troubleshooting, etc. Some of the skills needed for this position are exceptional problem solving skills and good analytical skills as well as strong interpersonal and communication skills.

All these new jobs will have different requirements and tasks compared to the previous ones, therefore they will stimulate the requirement for new skills. By 2022 the skills needed to do most of the work will change significantly. It is expected that by 2022 workers will use 58% of existing skills, and will have to learn more than 42% of new skills to perform their previous jobs. Appropriate skills include critical thinking and active learning, followed by skills such as technology design, emphasizing the greatest possible requirement for different forms of technology-related competencies. However, knowledge of new technologies is only one of the skills needed for 2022. Creativity, originality, initiative, critical thinking, persuasion and negotiation skills will also retain or add value, as well as attention to detail, flexibility and complex problem solving. Emotional intelligence, leadership and social impact, as well as service orientation, will also be much more needed in the future in relation to their current importance today.

The future starts today

As globalization and the rapid advancement of technology continue to transform the civil space and the world of work, the education system becomes more alienated from the reality and needs of the global economy and society. In the unproductive context and increasing polarization, the primary and secondary school education system plays a crucial role in the global preparation of citizens and the workforce for the future. Educational models need to be harmonized in order for children to possess the skills to create a more inclusive, cohesive and productive world.

21st Century Schools programme is adjusted to the needs of global societies and enables children to acquire critical thinking and problem-solving skills, but also to learn the digital alphabet and become creative. This way changes in learning experiences will more closely reflect the needs for the future jobs.